Journal Articles

Prof. Ardoin’s publications are available through the Stanford Digital Repository/Open Archive


Ardoin, N.M., Gould, R.K., Wojcik, D., Wyman Roth, N., Biggar, M.  2022. Community listening sessions: an approach for facilitating collective reflection on environmental learning and behavior in everyday life. Ecosystems and People, 18 (1), 469-477. Available online

Douglas, I.P., Murnane, E.L., Bencharit, L.Z.,  Altaf, B., dos Reis Costa, J.M., Ardoin, N.M. ... 2022. Physical workplaces and human well-being: A mixed-methods study to quantify the effects of materials, windows, and representation on biobehavioral outcomes. Building and Environment, 109516.

Braus, J.A., Heimlich, J.E., Ardoin, N.M., Clark, C.R. 2022. Building bridges, not walls: exploring the environmental education ecosystem. Applied Environmental Education & Communication, 1-12. Available online

Ardoin, N.M., Bowers, A.W.,  Wheaton, M. 2022.  Leveraging collective action and environmental literacy to address complex sustainability challenges. Ambio, 1-15. Available online

Gibson, L.M., Busch, K.C., Stevenson, K.T., Cutts, B.B., DeMattia, E.A., Aguilar, O.M., Ardoin, N.M, ...  2022. What is community-level environmental literacy, and how can we measure it? A report of a convening to conceptualize and operationalize CLEL. Environmental Education Research, 1-29. DOI 10.1080/13504622.2022.2067325

Forsyth, J.E. , Kempinsky, A., Pitchik, H.O., Alberts, C.J., Mutuku, F.M., Kibe, L., Ardoin, N.M, Desiree LaBeaud, A. 2022. Larval source reduction with a purpose: Designing and evaluating a household-and school-based intervention in coastal Kenya. PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 16 (4), e0010199. DOI 10.1371/journal.pntd.0010199

Crary, I.L., Ardoin, N M., Gardner, C. 2022. Impact of Child Interaction With Food Preparation on Vegetable Preferences: A Farm-Based Education Approach. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 54 (1), 46-55. Available online. DOI 10.1016/j.jneb.2021.08.009

Strong, A., Ardoin, N. 2021. Barriers to incorporating ecosystem services in coastal conservation practice: the case of blue carbon. Ecology and Society, 26 (4). Available online.  DOI 10.5751/ES-12741-260440

Ardoin, N.M., Heimlich, J.E. 2021. Environmental learning in everyday life: foundations of meaning and a context for change. Environmental Education Research, 27 (12), 1681-1699. Available online. DOI 10.1080/13504622.2021.1992354

Swanson, S.S.,  Ardoin, N.M. 2021. Communities behind the lens: A review and critical analysis of Visual Participatory Methods in biodiversity conservation. Biological Conservation 262, 109293. Available onlineDOI 10.1016/j.biocon.2021.109293

Reid, A. , Dillon, J., Ardoin, N., Ferreira, J.A. 2021. Scientists’ warnings and the need to reimagine, recreate, and restore environmental education. Environmental Education Research, 1-13. DOI 10.1080/13504622.2021.1937577

Wojcik, D.J.,  Ardoin, N.M., Gould, R.K. 2021. Using social network analysis to explore and expand our understanding of a robust environmental learning landscape. Environmental Education Research, 1-21. DOI 10.1080/13504622.2021.1905779

Salazar, G., Monroe, M.C., Jordan, C., Ardoin, N.M., Beery, T.H. 2021. Improving Assessments of Connection to Nature: A Participatory Approach FRONTIERS IN ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION. 8. DOI 10.3389/fevo.2020.609104

Ardoin, N.M., Bowers, A.W. 2020. Early childhood environmental education: A systematic review of the research literature. EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH REVIEW. 31. DOI 10.1016/edurev.2020.100353

Selby, S.T., Cruz, A.R., Ardoin, N.M., Durham, W.H. 2020. Community-as-pedagogy: Environmental leadership for youth in rural Costa Rica. ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION RESEARCH. DOI 10.1080/13504622.2020.1792415

Talebpour, L.M., Busk, P.L., Heimlich, J.E., Ardoin, N.M. 2020. Children's connection to nature as fostered through residential environmental education programs: Key variables explored through surveys and field journals. ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION RESEARCH. 26 (1): 95–114. DOI 10.1080/13504622.2019.1707778

Clark, C.R., Heimlich, J.E., Ardoin, N.M., Braus, J. 2020. Using a Delphi study to clarify the landscape and core outcomes in environmental education. ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION RESEARCH.1-19. DOI 10.1080/13504622.2020.1727859

Forsyth, J.E., Mutuku, F.M., Kibe, L., Mwashee, L., Bongo, J., Egemba, C., Ardoin, N.M., LaBeaud, A.D. 2020. Source reduction with a purpose: Mosquito ecology and community perspectives offer insights for improving household mosquito management in coastal Kenya. PLoS neglected tropical diseases.14 (5): e0008239. DOI 10.1371/journal.pntd.0008239

Mach, K. J., Lemos, M. C., Meadows, A. M., Wyborn, C., Klenk, N., Arnott, J. C., Ardoin, N. M., Fiesler, C., Moss, R. H., Nichols, L., Stults, M., Vaughn, C., Wong-Parodi, G. 2020. Actionable knowledge and the art of engagement. CURRENT OPINION IN ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY. 42: 30-37. DOI 10.1016/j.cosust.2020.01.002

Mason, J. G., Alfaro-Shigueto, J., Mangel, J. C., Crowder, L. B., Ardoin, N.M. 2020. Fishers' solutions for hammerhead shark conservation in Peru BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION243 (108460)

Gould, R.K., Ardoin, N.M., Thomsen, J., and Wyman Roth, N. 2019. Exploring connections between environmental learning and behavior through four everyday-life case studies. Environmental Education Research. DOI 10.1080/13504622.2018.1510903

Ardoin, N.M., Bowers, A.W., Holthuis, N., Wyman Roth, N. In Press. Environmental Education and K–12 Student Outcomes: A review and analysis of research. Journal of Environmental Education, 49(1): 1–17.

Ardoin, N.M., Bowers, A.W., and Gaillard, E. 2019. Environmental Education Outcomes for Conservation: A systematic review. Biological Conservation, doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2019.108224. Available online. Research brief.

Lemos, M.C., Mach, K.J., Meadow, A.M., Wyborn, C., Klenk,  N., Arnott, J.C., at al. 2019. Actionable knowledge and the art of engagement. AGU Fall Meeting.

Forsyth, J.E., Nurunnahar, S., Islam, S.S., Baker, M., Yeasmin, D., Islam, M.S., at al. 2019. Turmeric means “yellow” in Bengali: Lead chromate pigments added to turmeric threaten public health across Bangladesh
Environmental research 179, 108722.

Busch, K.C., Ardoin, N.M., Gruehn, D., Stevenson K. 2019. Exploring a theoretical model of climate change action for youth. International Journal of Science Education, 41 (17), 2389-2409.

Ardoin, N.M., Gould, R.K., Lukacs, H., Sponarski, C.C., Schuh J.S. 2019. Scale and sense of place among urban dwellers. Ecosphere ,10 (9), e02871.

Niemiec, R., Willer, R., Ardoin, N.M., and Kinslow, F.B. 2019. Motivating Model Landowners to Recruit and Coordinate with Their Neighbors for Private Land Conservation. Conservation Biology, 33(4), 930-941.

Niemiec, R.M., Willer, R., Ardoin, N.M., Brewer, F.K. 2019. Motivating landowners to recruit neighbors for private land conservation. Conservation Biology, 33 (4), 930-941.

Gould, R.K., Ardoin, N.M., Thomsen, J.M., and Wyman Roth, N. 2019. Exploring connections between environmental learning and behavior through four everyday-life case studies. Environmental Education Research, 25 (3), 314-340

Lemos, M.C., Arnott, J.C., Ardoin, N.M., et al. 2018. To Co-Produce or Not to Co-Produce. Nature Sustainability (1): 722-724. Available online.

Niemiec, R.M., Ardoin, N., Brewer, F., Kung, S., Lopez, K. 2018. Fear of Social Sanctions and Increased Neighbor Interaction: Associations with Resident Action to Control the Invasive Little Fire Ant. Society and Natural Resources. online.

Gould, R.K., Phukan, I., Mendoza, M.E., Ardoin, N.M., Panikkar, B. 2018. Seizing Opportunities to Diversify Conservation. Conservation Letters. . Available online.

Niemiec, R.M., Asner, G.P., Brodrick, P., Gaertner, J., and Ardoin, N.M. 2018. Scale-Dependence of Environmental and Socioeconomic Drivers of Biological Invasion in Hawai‘i. Landscape and Urban Planning, 169: 70–80.

Biggar, M.T. and Ardoin, N.M. 2017. Community Context, Human Needs, and Transportation Choices: A view across San Francisco Bay Area communities . Journal of Transport Geography , 60: 189–199.

Khalil, K.A., Ardoin, N.M., and Wojcik, D.J. 2017. Social Learning within a Community of Practice: Investigating interactions about evaluation among zoo education professionals. Evaluation and Program Planning, 61: 45–54.

Niemiec, R.M., Ardoin, N.M., Wharton, C., Brewer, F. 2017. Civic and Natural Place Attachment as Correlates of Resident Invasive Species Control Behavior in Hawaii. Biological Conservation, 209: 415–422.

Reineman, D. and Ardoin, N.M. 2018. Sustainable Tourism and the Management of Nearshore Coastal Places: Place Attachment and Disruption to Surf-Spots. Journal of Sustainable Tourism.

Stern, M.J., Powell, R.B., Frensley, B., and Ardoin, N.M. 2017. What Difference Do Role Models Make ? Investigating outcomes at a residential environmental education center. Environmental Education Research. .

Ardoin, N.M., Clark, C.C., and Wojcik, D. 2016. Looking toward the Blue Sky: Environmental education researchers’ experience, influences, and aspirations. Applied Environmental Education & Communication, 15(1): 75–89.

Ardoin, N.M., DiGiano, M., O’Connor, K., and Podkul, T. 2017. The Development of Trust in Residential Environmental Education Programs. Environmental Education Research.

Ardoin, N.M., Schuh, J., and Khalil, K. 2016. Environmental Behavior of Visitors to a Science Museum. Visitor Studies, 19(1): 77–95.

Ardoin, N.M., Wheaton, M., Hunt, C., Schuh, J., and Durham, W. 2016. Post-trip philanthropic intentions of nature-based tourists in Galapagos. Journal of Ecotourism.

Biggar, M.T. and Ardoin, N.M. 2017. More Than Good Intentions: The role of conditions in personal transportation behavior. Local Environment.

Boudet, H.S., Ardoin, N.M., Flora, J., Armel, K.C., Desai, M., and Robinson, T.R. 2016. Effects of a behaviour change intervention for Girl Scouts on child and parent energy-saving behaviours. Nature Energy.

Browning, M.H.E.M., Stern, M.J., Ardoin, N.M., and Heimlich, J.E., 2018.  Factors that Contribute to Community Members’ Support of Local Nature Centers. Environmental Education Research.  doi. org / 10.1080/13504622.2016.1217397.

Browning, M.M., Stern, M.J., Ardoin, N.M., Heimlich, J.E., Petty, R., and Charles, C. 2016. Investigating the Sets of Values that Community Members Hold toward Local Nature Centers. Environmental Education Research.

Cravens, A.E., and Ardoin, N.M. 2016. Negotiating Credibility and Legitimacy in the Shadow of an Authoritative Data Source.   Ecology and Society.  doi. org / 10.5751/ES-08849-210430.

Gould, R.K., Ardoin, N.M., Biggar, M., Cravens, A.E., and Wojcik, D. 2016. Environmental Behavior’s Dirty Secret: The prevalence of waste management in discussions of environmental concern and action. Environmental Management.  doi. org / 10.1007/s00267-016-0710-6.

Khalil, K.A., Ardoin, N.M., and Wojcik, D.J. 2016. The Company You Keep: Networks in a community of informal education evaluators. Studies in Educational Evaluation, 51: 7–16.

Lincoln, N.K. and Ardoin, N.M. 2016. Farmer Typology in South Kona, Hawai‘i : Who’s farming, how, and why? Food, Culture, & Society, 19(3): 563–585.

Lukacs, H., Ardoin, N.M., and Grubert, E. 2016. Beyond Formal Groups: Neighboring acts and watershed protection in Appalachia. International Journal of the Commons .

Niemiec, R., Ardoin, N.M., Wharton, C., and Asner, G.P. 2016. Motivating Residents to Combat Invasive Species on Private Lands: Social norms and community reciprocity. Ecology and Society, 21(2): 30.

Oakes, L.E., Ardoin, N.M., and Lambin, E. 2016. “I Know, therefore I Adapt?” Complexities of individual adaptation to climate-induced forest dieback in Alaska. Ecology and Society, 21(2): 40.

Stern, M.J., Ardoin, N.M., and Powell, R.B. 2017.  Exploring the Effectiveness of Outreach Strategies in Conservation Projects: The case of the Audubon Toyota TogetherGreen Program. Society and Natural Resources.  doi. org / 10.1080/08941920.2016.1164266.

Ardoin, N.M., Biedenweg, K., and O’Connor, K. 2015. Evaluation in Residential Environmental Education: An applied literature review of intermediary outcomes. Applied Environmental Education & Communication, 14(1): 43–56. Download pdf.

Ardoin, N.M., DiGiano, M., O’Connor, K., and Holthuis, N. 2016. Using Online Narratives to Explore Participant Experiences in a Residential Environmental Education Program. Children’s Geographies, 14(3): 263–281. Download pdf.

Ardoin, N.M., Wheaton, M., Bowers, A.W., Hunt, C.A., and Durham, W. 2015. Nature-Based Tourism’s Impact on Environmental Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior: A review and analysis of the literature and potential future research. Journal of Sustainable Tourism.  doi. org / 10.1080/09669582.2015.1024258Download pdf.

Lincoln, N. and Ardoin, N.M. 2015. Cultivating Values: Environmental values and sense of place as correlates of sustainable agricultural practices. Agriculture and Human Values.  doi. org / 10.1007/s10460-015-9613-zDownload pdf.

Oakes, L.E., Hennon, P.E., Ardoin, N.M., D’Amore, D.V., Ferguson, A.K., Steel, E.A., Wittwer, D.T., and Lambin, E.F. 2015. Conservation in a Social-Ecological System Experiencing Climate-Induced Tree Mortality. Biological Conservation , 192: 276–285. Download.

Wheaton, M., Ardoin, N.M., Schuh, J., Hunt, C.A., Kresse, M., Menke, C., and Durham, W. 2016. Using Web and Mobile Technology to Motivate Pro-Environmental Action after a Nature-Based Tourism Experience. Journal of Sustainable Tourism.

Ardoin, N.M. 2014. Exploring Sense of Place and Environmental Behavior at an Ecoregional Scale in Three Sites. Human Ecology,  doi. org / 10.1007/s10745-014-9652-xDownload pdf.

Ardoin, N.M., Gould, R.K., Fielding-Singh, P., and Kelsey, E. 2014. Collaborative and Transformational Leadership in the Environmental Realm. Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning,  doi. org / 10.1080/1523908X.2014.954075.

Boudet, H.S., Ardoin, N.M., Flora, J., Armel, K.C., and Robinson, T.R. 2014. Energy Behaviours of Northern California Girl Scouts and their Families. Energy Policy , 73: 439–449.

Gould, R.K., Klain, S., Ardoin, N.M., Satterfield, T., Woodside, U., Hannahs, N., Daily, G.C., and Chan, K.M. 2014. A Protocol for Eliciting Nonmaterial Values through a Cultural Ecosystem Services Frame. Conservation Biology, 29(2): 575–586.

Gould, R.K., Ardoin, N.M., Woodside, U., Satterfield, T., Hannahs, N., and Daily, G.C. 2014. The Forest Has a Story: Cultural ecosystem services in Kona, Hawai‘i. Ecology and Society, 19(3): 55–84.

Rich, H. and Ardoin, N.M. 2014. Teacher and Administrator Perceptions of School Gardens in Cape Town , South Africa. Children, Youth and Environments, 24(3): 58–79.

Ardoin, N.M. and Heimlich, J.E. 2013. Views from the Field: Educators’ and practitioners’ perceptions of education as a strategy in support of conservation outcomes. Journal of Environmental Education.  doi. org / 10.1080/00958964.2012.700963 .   Download pdf.

Ardoin, N.M., DiGiano, M., Bundy, J., Chang, S., Holthuis, N., and O’Connor, K. 2014. Using Digital Photography and Journaling in Evaluation of Field-Based Environmental Education Programs. Studies in Educational Evaluation, 41: 68–76.

Ardoin, N.M., Castrechini, S., and Hofstedt, M. 2013. Youth–Community–University Partnerships and Sense of Place: Two case studies of youth participatory action research. Children’s Geographies.  doi. org / 10.1080/14733285.2013.827872.  Download pdf.

Lukacs, H. and Ardoin, N.M. 2014. The Relationship of Place Re-making and Watershed Group Participation in Appalachia. Society & Natural Resources , 27(1): 55–69.

Vaughan, M.B. and Ardoin, N.M. 2013. The Implications of Differing Tourist/Resident Perceptions for Community-Based Resource Management: A Hawaiian coastal resource area study. Journal of Sustainable Tourism.  doi. org / 10.1080/09669582.2013.802326.  Download pdf.

Ardoin, N.M., Schuh, J.S., and Gould, R.K. 2012. Exploring the Dimensions of Place: A confirmatory factor analysis of data from three ecoregional sites. Environmental Education Research, 18(5): 583–607.

Ardoin, N.M. and Bowers, A.W. 2012. Trends in Philanthropic Giving: Foundation support of environmental education. Journal of Environmental Education, 43(4): 259–273.

Ardoin, N.M., Clark, C., and Kelsey, E. 2013. An Exploration of Future Trends in Environmental Education Research. Environmental Education Research.  doi. org / 10.1080/13504622.2012.709823.

Castrechini, S. and Ardoin, N.M. 2011. Youth Resource Mapping: Partnering with service providers and youth to understand the supply and demand for youth services in a local context. Perspectives on Urban Education, 8(2): 3–10. University of Pennsylvania Graduate School of Education. Philadelphia, PA. Download pdf.

Khalil, K. and Ardoin, N.M. 2011. Programmatic Evaluation in Association of Zoos and Aquarium-Accredited Zoos and Aquariums: A literature review. Applied Environmental Education and Communications.  doi. org / 10.1080/1533015X.2011.614813.  Download pdf.

Oshun, M., Ardoin, N.M., Ryan, S. 2011. Use of the Planning Outreach Liaison Model in the Neighborhood Planning Process: A case study in Seattle’s Rainier Valley neighborhood. Urban Studies Research.  doi. org / 10.1155/2011/687834Download.pdf .

Powell, R.B., Stern, M.J., Krohn, B.D., and Ardoin, N.M. 2011. Development and Validation of Scales to Measure Environmental Responsibility, Character Development, and Attitudes toward School. Environmental Education Research, 17(1): 91–111.

Stern, M.J., Powell, R.B., and Ardoin, N.M. 2011. Evaluating a Constructivist and Culturally Responsive Approach to Environmental Education for Diverse Audiences. Journal of Environmental Education, 42(2): 109–122.

Gould, R.K., Ardoin, N.M., and Hashimoto, J. 2010. Mālama the ‘āina, Mālama the People on the āina: The reaction to Avatar in Hawai‘i. Journal for the Study of Religion, Nature, and Culture, 4(4): 425–456.

Heimlich, J.E. and Ardoin, N.M. 2008. Understanding Behavior to Understand Behavior Change: A literature review. Environmental Education Research, 14(3): 215–237.

Stern, M., Powell, R., and Ardoin, N.M. 2008. What Difference Does It Make? Assessing outcomes from participation in a residential environmental education program. Journal of Environmental Education, 39(4): 31–43.

Ardoin, N.M. 2006. Toward an Interdisciplinary Understanding of Place: Lessons for environmental education. Canadian Journal of Environmental Education, 11(1): 112–126. Download pdf.

Powell, R., Stern, M., and Ardoin, N.M. 2006. A Sustainable Evaluation Framework and its Application. Applied Environmental Education and Communication, 5(4): 231–241.

Ardoin, N.M. and Sivek, D. 2002. An Environmental Education Needs Assessment Study in Nicaragua. Applied Environmental Education and Communication, 1(4): 235–244.